To reduce waste and avoid unnecessary plastic bottles and chemicals — and to save money — many people are opting to make cleaning products from scratch at home. You can find an abundance of recipes for household cleaning products online, along with reusable glass spray bottles designed to hold them.
But not all homemade cleaning products are created equal, and some simple concoctions can be downright dangerous.
‘‘To have an unlabeled cleaning product in a Mason jar with kids around can be a dangerous thing,’’ warned Carolyn Forte, director of the home appliances and cleaning products lab at Good Housekeeping. ‘‘And be careful never to mix bleach with anything but water. Certain combinations can be toxic.’’
Baking soda and vinegar also should not be combined. Mixed together they are ineffective at cleaning and, if contained in a jar, likely to explode, she warned.
So when making your own cleaning mixtures at home:
■ Double check the safety of the combination you choose;
■ Keep all products out of reach of children and pets;
■ And list all ingredients clearly on the jar or spray bottle.
■ Test your cleaning mixture before using it. ‘‘Making your own window cleaner may be OK, but years of chemistry and safety research have gone into products like laundry and dishwasher detergents and furniture polishes, and you don’t want to risk accidentally damaging something that’s precious to you,’’ Forte said.
Even so, it can be useful to know what to use in a pinch when you don’t have time to rush to the store, said Stephanie Sisco, home editor at Real Simple magazine.
And many homemade cleaning combinations do work, with far fewer chemicals than in many store-bought brands.
To help people make gentle cleaning products at home, Mike and Martha Robinson founded Cleaning Essentials, which sells sturdy glass bottles in various colors and sizes, labeled with recipes for solutions that can be made using mostly vinegar, water, and essential oils.
‘‘Sixty years ago our grandparents wouldn’t have gone to the store for cleaners. They would have used vinegar, baking soda, some elbow grease, and been healthier for it,’’ Mike Robinson said.
Katy Kiick Condon, senior editor for home design at Better Homes & Gardens magazine, agrees: ‘‘Just steam, hot water, and some elbow grease can accomplish a lot.’’
Know the basics about the cleaning properties of various household products:
■ Baking soda is a great deodorizer and is useful as a mild abrasive;
■ Vinegar cuts grease, removes mineral deposits, and has disinfectant qualities;
■ Lemon juice with some salt can remove rust stains.
■ NEVER combine bleach with anything but water. And remember that baking soda and vinegar, while trusted standbys individually, are ineffective for cleaning if combined — and will bubble up explosively.
■ Don’t use lemon on wood; it can destroy protective finishes, says Sisco.
■ Don’t overdo it with vinegar, which can dull surfaces, she said. There’s a reason that cleaning-product recipes call for adding water.
With the above basics in mind, here are a few recipes recommended by the pros.
For clean, streak-free windows, Condon, at Better Homes & Gardens, swears by the combination of 2 cups hot water, 1 tablespoon corn starch, ¼ cup white vinegar, and ½ cup rubbing alcohol. ‘‘I tested a bunch of recipes, and this one is hands-down the best for mirrors and windows,’’ she said.
Sisco, at Real Simple, recommends combining 2 tablespoons lemon juice, 2 cups of water, and ½ teaspoon of castile soap, such as Dr. Bonner’s. For a stronger cleaner, she recommends mixing ½ cup vinegar, ½ cup vodka, 10 to 20 drops of essential oil, and 1½ cups water.
Sisco recommends blotting the stain then saturating it with club soda. ‘‘The bubbles will work the stain to the surface,’’ she said. Then coat it with a hefty dose of table salt, which will absorb the stain, she said. ‘‘Then just vacuum it up once it’s dry, maybe 12 hours later. It’s a good overnight cleaning solution, and great for wine and other stains. The key is to blot … before starting with club soda and salt.’’