From packaging to clothing to cigarette butts, more and more everyday items that once were destined for landfills are being recycled, composted, or upcycled in creative ways. Many of the new products made from waste are finding their way onto runways and into design museums and households.
The company TerraCycle, for example, has devised ways of collecting waste like ocean plastics, cigarette butts, chewing gum, and even dirty diapers, and then processing it so it can have a new life.
‘‘Waste is way more than figuring out how we can deal with a negative. It’s really rather exciting,’’ says TerraCycle’s CEO, Tom Szaky, who loves to put surprising trash items to use. Some of the company’s upcycled products, like tote bags made from juice pouches and laptop cases made out of retired US Mail bags, are sold online, by the retailer dwellsmart.com.
Pittsburgh, New Orleans, San Francisco, and dozens of other cities, partnering with TerraCycle, are finding it worthwhile to collect and process old cigarette butts and packaging, which is shredded, separating the ash, tobacco, and paper from the plastic filters, Szaky says. The ash, tobacco, and paper are then composted, and the plastic filters (made from cellulose acetate) are shredded, compounded, and turned into plastic pellets to make a variety of products like park benches. The cigarette recycling program in the United States is financially supported by Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co., he says.
Kiehl’s, Nespresso, Colgate, Tide, Brita, and a host of other brands, meanwhile, are finding it advantageous to offer clients ways to recycle their packaging so that it doesn’t have to end up in landfills, an effort that gives them cachet among eco-minded consumers.
And a new program about to be launched in Europe, partly paid for by a diaper company there, will distribute publicly accessible odor-proof bins to collect dirty diapers, which will then be recycled into their various components and reprocessed, Szaky says.
Many firms are finding uses for recycled materials at the beginning of the design process. The company ReWall, for example, makes high-performance wall board, exterior, and other architectural products out of unwanted packaging materials. ReWall recently worked with the architecture and design firm Bureau V and designer Mary Ping to come up with a futuristic tabletop as part of a commissioned artwork.
‘‘This was one of our first projects using upcycled materials, but it certainly won’t be our last,’’ says Peter Zuspan, founding principal at Bureau V. ‘‘It’s definitely the type of thing we’ll see more of in the future.’’
The tabletop was featured in one of two recent exhibits at the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum that looked at ways in which items many people assume cannot be recycled are transformed. It includes Starbucks packaging, with the famous green logos barely visible in the swirls of pattern, and is part of the museum’s new exhibit, ‘‘Tablescapes: Designs for Dining.’’ Another show that originated at the Cooper Hewitt, ‘‘Scraps: Fashion, Textiles and Creative Reuse,’’ is on view at the Palm Springs Art Museum Architecture and Design Center in California through Jan. 14, 2019. It includes an array of textile works from three designers who give new life to waste materials that might otherwise have been thrown away.
One of the designers, Christina Kim, cut up handwoven sari fabric to create a new clothing line. She then utilized every bit of the scraps in other products. The tiniest bits at the end of the process were turned into amulets to be used for necklaces.
And interest in eco-friendly textiles is hardly limited to lesser-known designers. Big clothing labels like Everlane are making fashionable clothing out of recyclables (in their case a new line of jackets made from recycled PET bottles).
‘‘Designers are looking for alternative ways to produce things, and are paying more attention to what they produce them from,’’ says Matilda McQuaid, who organized the ‘‘Scraps’’ exhibit and heads the textiles department at Cooper Hewitt. ‘‘People in general are looking at materials in a very new way, with a much greater focus on sustainability.’’